INDEPENDENT LEARNING AS A METHOD ON LEARNING SPEAKING
November 7, 2022
Lamhot Naibaho

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Speaking skill is an essential skill in English language learning, as it is also said. Recently, the mastery of English, especially in speaking, does need. Because of that, it has been dramatically increasing as English strengthens its position as a language for international communication. It is the working language in 85% of international organizations. Emphasizes that speaking is one of two productive skills in language teaching. It is because speaking is a process of building and sharing meaning through verbal or oral forms.

Besides, speaking is helpful for the students to learn a language because through speaking, they are provided many advantages, such as reinforcing the grammatical structures, idioms, and vocabulary. Speaking also enhances the students' adventure with the language; by speaking, the students will be involved with the language effort to express their ideas. In order to be able to speak in English, of course, students should have learned the language first, whether it is formally or informally. In this process of learning, of course, there should be someone who facilitates them. They are usually called a teacher, tutor, or lecturer. English language teaching and learning is always considered essential thing to be mastered. Because of that, approaches and methods for teaching English, especially speaking, have been long focused on language teaching research and conferences, and then a considerable number of conversation and other speaking course books, audios, and videos are continuously published.

Realizing the high importance of English speaking skills for English for foreign language (EFL) programs, it is essential to find and use the best instructional methods, materials, activities, media, and other requirements to help the learners master speaking skills. However, although many studies have been conducted to help learners master English speaking skills, many EFL learners still find it challenging to master, in addition to the view that speaking is the most complex and challenging skill to master (Hinkel, 2005). Another cause is possible that those studies still mainly deal with the linguistic aspects of second language acquisition. Little research has been carried out regarding students' perspectives on the learning of speaking in the EFL classroom. In contrast, students' views, which at least provide awareness to teachers in this context, are essential.

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